How to prevent a puppy from developing
a jumping problem:
Unwanted behaviors such as jumping up for
attention are often learned at a young age. A puppy demands a
response from us by being physical and putting its paws on us
as well as barking and nipping. We inadvertently reward this
by petting or picking up our puppy. You don't want your puppy
to interpret this as a reward for a behavior you are not going
to like in the near future. When your puppy is excited, stay
calm. Do not feed into your puppy's frenzy. Only pet your puppy
when he is seated. At first, you will need to help him get into
the seated position. Then calmly pet and praise your puppy.
This will teach your puppy at a young age to earn attention instead
of physically demanding it.
To Crate Train or not to Crate Train?
While some people view crate training as
cruel and unnecessary, the benefits far outweigh any negatives.
When done correctly, a puppy will come to appreciate the crate
as their den area and feel safe and comfortable. When you first
get your puppy home, you should introduce the crate immediately.
There may be a transition period. A puppy is used to sleeping
with litter mates and might whine the first night or two. Don't
give up. Your puppy will get past this phase quickly and it will
be of great benefit that your dog has been crate trained. The
crate serves as a great tool for housebreaking, safe confinement
when unsupervised and when traveling. Your pup will grow to like
the crate as long as you do not over use it or use as a punishment.
If your puppy is raised in a crate, they accept it as part of
We recommend using a wire crate with a
divider, so that you can adjust the size of the crate as your
puppy grows. You want your puppy to be able to lie down and to
turn around comfortably in his crate to start off. You don't
want your crate to be too large. A crate that is too large could
lead to the puppy having accidents. Puppies are typically clean
animals and don't want to soil their eating, sleeping and playing
areas. Do not put water in your puppy's crate instead use ice
cubes or ice chips. Take water away at least 30 minutes prior
to putting them in the crate. Be sure to take them out immediately
before you put them in the crate to give them one last bathroom
break. Don't leave your puppy in for more than a couple of hours
at a time to start off. The exception is overnight. If you work
and are gone more than 3 or 4 hours, you will want to invest
in hiring a dog walker for the first few months since your puppy
is going to need to go out several times during the day while
you are away. Once your puppy is older and able to hold it longer,
you can wean down the number of times a day your dog walker needs
to come. Have your dog walker offer your puppy a small amount
of water while there. You can also have the walker put ice cubes/chips
in the crate so your puppy can gradually hydrate.
The crate is a great housebreaking tool.
You don't want any accidents to occur while your puppy is in
his crate. If he does have an accident, don't panic. Make sure
you clean the crate with a product such as Nature's Miracle which
is an enzyme cleaner and odor eliminator or bleach. If your puppy
has an accident in his crate, then he was probably in there too
long. So next time, let your puppy out more frequently. You can
also make the crate more appealing for your puppy if you put
some type of safe chew toy such as a "kong" or "nylabone"
in it to help him enjoy his time in it. Most puppies love their
crate and view it as a safe place. Puppies are den animals and
have a den instinct. The crate serves this need.
House Training Tips
If you've just become the proud owner of
a new pup, the first item on your agenda should be, no doubt,
house training. We recommend that you do not use pee pads to
house train your puppy. Pups need to eliminate as many as six
times a day, outside preferably. Prepare to invest some time
and effort into house training your pup.
The best training tool to begin the house
training process is a crate. Get your dog a wire crate that is
big enough to accommodate increases in size over the next few
months, and small enough that he doesn't find a corner of the
crate in which to relieve himself. So get a crate that comes
with a divider. Initially, keep your dog in the crate for short
periods of time. Take him out to the yard to the same place if
possible, at regular intervals to get him to eliminate. If he
does, lavish him with praise and give him a reward. If he doesn't
go, put him back in his crate for about 10 minutes. Then take
him outside again to the same spot which should be free of distractions.
If he refuses to go, then put him back in his crate for 10 minutes.
Continue this process until he eliminates outside. Over a period
of days, your dog's needs will become clear. Being confined to
the crate will help your puppy learn to hold it for longer periods
of time and wait for the next opportunity to go outside.
Don't keep him confined for too long, one
to two hours at first. If he relieves himself in the crate, then
you will want to take him out more often. Make sure you clean
up the mess with an enzyme based cleaning product such as Nature's
Miracle.. You can find this type of product in a pet store.
Don't punish your puppy after accidents.
All pups have accidents along the way. As an owner, it's your
responsibility to train your dog to behave the way you want him
to behave. He'll be more than happy to oblige, if you teach him
correctly from the beginning.
When your pup is out of his crate, always
supervise. Watch out for tell tale signs such as walking around
in circles, sniffing, or losing interest during play. When he
exhibits any of these behaviors, stop whatever you are doing
and take him outside. Also, if your pup has been chewing a toy
or bone and stops, then take him out immediately. Chewing stimulates
his system for the need to go to the bathroom. Always go outside
with him to make sure he goes.
Make sure to take him outside not too long
after he gets a drink of water or eats and when he first wakes
up from a nap. Don't leave water in the crate overnight or even
during the day. Try not to get up with him in the middle of the
night if possible. Housebreaking takes time, so don't get discouraged!
It is a slow process, but the fewer mistakes your puppy has along
the way, the better and quicker the route to housebreaking success.